The following list of phrases and their definitions might help you understand the mysterious language of science and medicine. These special phrases are also applicable to anyone working on a Ph.D. dissertation or academic paper anywhere! "It has long been known" = I didn't look up the original reference. "A definite trend is evident" = These data are practically meaningless. "While it has not been possible to provide definite answers to the questions" = An unsuccessful experiment, but I still hope to get it published. "Three of the samples were chosen for detailed study" = The other results didn't make any sense. "Typical results are shown" = This is the prettiest graph. "These results will be in a subsequent report" = I might get around to this sometime, if pushed/funded. "In my experience" = once. "In case after case" = twice. "In a series of cases" = thrice. "It is believed that" = I think. "It is generally believed that" = A couple of others think so, too. "Correct within an order of magnitude" = Wrong. "According to statistical analysis" = Rumor has it. "A statistically oriented projection of the significance of these findings" = A wild guess. "A careful analysis of obtainable data" = Three pages of notes were obliterated when I knocked over a glass of pop. "It is clear that much additional work will be required before a complete understanding of this phenomenon occurs"= I don't understand it. "After additional study by my colleagues"= They don't understand it either. "Thanks are due to Joe Blotz for assistance with the experiment and to Cindy Adams for valuable discussions" = Mr. Blotz did the work and Ms. Adams explained to me what it meant. "A highly significant area for exploratory study" = A totally useless topic selected by my committee. "It is hoped that this study will stimulate further investigation in this field" = I quit.